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Organic Agriculture in Asia

Current status

The total organic agricultural area in Asia was 3.2 million hectares in 2012. This constitutes nine percent of the world’s organic agricultural land. There were nearly 0.7 million producers; most of these were in India. The leading countries by area were China (1.9 million hectares) and India (0.5 million hectares); Timor-Leste has the highest proportion of organic agricultural land (almost seven percent). Although, in many countries, the organic area grew (compared with 2011), the organic agricultural land in Asia decreased by almost 0.5 million hectares, mainly due to a major decrease in India. 

The Asian market for organic products is growing; however, data on the domestic market are available for only a few countries. The continent is divided in terms of consumption and production. Most organic domestic product sales are from the affluent countries; other Asian countries mainly have export-geared organic food sectors.

The Standard for Organic Agriculture (ASOA) of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which is likely to become a very influential development for the region in the future, is expected to be approved by the ASEAN Ministers on Agriculture and Forestry in June 2014. Despite the more stringent organic rules promulgated in China in 2012, operator numbers have not diminished. At the private sector level, IFOAM Asia (under South Korean sponsorship) held its inaugural revival assembly in June 2013 in South Korea and elected a board.

 Source: The World of Organic Agriculture 2014

Graphs

Asia: The ten countries with the largest organic area 2012
Asia: The countries with the highest share of organic agricultural land 2012
Asia: Development of organic agricultural land 2000 to 2012
Asia: Use of agricultural organic land 2012

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