Home » Q&A

Questions and answers

FiBL is receiving numerous enquiries related to data on organic agriculture. In this section of our Organic-World.net website we are making the questions and our answers public.

Growth of organic retail sales in 2015 (February 24, 2017)

Question

I have a  question I hope you could help me with. In the chapter The Global Market for Organic Food and Drink in the 2017 edition of "The World of Organic Agriculture",  it says that the global sales expanded by 10 percent to 81.6 billion USD  in 2015. From last year’s report, the sales were 80 billion USD. What I don’t get is the 10 percent increase – is this measured in some other unit?

Answer

The problem is that the exchange rate Euros/US Dollars changed substantially in 2015 (the euro dropped against the US dollar). If we compare the 2014 with the 2015 data in Euros (60 vs ca. 73 billion*), we have an increase of more than 20 percent. If we compare it in US dollars (80 vs. 81.6 billion USD), the global organic market increased by 2 percent.  We always use the average annual exchange rate for calculating the market.

Globally 10 percent growth should be about right. We had more than that in most European markets and 11 percent in the US.

*Please note that the data from our FiBL survey differ slightly from those from Organic Monitor that include their own estimations into the calculations, but the result stays the same. (FiBL calculated 76 billion euros in 2015 and 63 billion euros in 2014).

To top

Information about organic agriculture in Spain (September 6, 2016)

Question

For a study I am looking for recent information about organic agriculture in Spain. Can you help me with information on that?

Answer

To top

Number of countries with organic regulations (August 25, 2016)

Question

I am a PhD Researcher currently examining organic regulations. I wanted some clarification on statistics of FiBL. In The world of organic agriculture. Statistics and emerging trends 2015. FiBL-IFOAM Report it is stated that according to a survey from the Research Institute on Organic Agriculture (FiBL), there are currently 82 countries with organic standards and another 16 countries in a process of drafting regulation. Out of the 82 countries, at least 18 countries have adopted the standards into national legislation.

I was wondering whether EU Member States are all individually included in the 82 countries? Furthermore, of the 18 countries that have adopted the standards into national legislation, was the EU counted as one country, or was it not included at all? Is this report by FiBL also publicly available?

Answer

According to our latest data, 87 countries have an organic Regulation; 18 countries are in the process of drafting an organic regulation. We count the Member States of the European Union indivdually, i.e. 28 countries.

Our flagship report "The World of Organic Agriculture", which contains the article on standards and regulations from Beate Huber et al. (page 140), is available online at the FiBL shop see below. There is also a related PowerPoint presentation.

To top

Dairy products in Switzerland (July 11, 2016)

Question

Do you have data on organic dairy products in Switzerland?

Answer

Yes, such data are available from Bio Suisse, which presents the latest market data annually.

According to this data, retail sales of organic dairy products amounted to almost 300 Million Swiss Francs, constituting 11.8 percent of all dairy products sold in Switzerland in 2015.

biosuisse.ch: Bio in Zahlen

Development of the organic shares of dairy products in Switzerland 2010-2015. Source: Bio Suisse. Graph: FiBL
Development of the organic retail sales of dairy products in Switzerland 2010-2015. Source: Bio Suisse. Graph: FiBL
Organic shares of selected products in Switzerland 2015

Data on organic protein crops in the European Union (May 21, 2016)

Development of the dried pulses area in the European Union. Source: FiBL AMI surveys

Question

Do you know if there is data available on the areas of different grain legumes grown organically in Europe? I can find a total for protein crops but it would be more useful to have areas of peas, beans, lupins etc.

Answer

Unfortunately Eurostat only has the total for the dried pulses/protein crops. Some national data sources which FiBL uses in some cases, however have more detail. The data can be viewed at http://www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/ow-statistics-data-crops.html.

Organic milk data for the European Union

Development of organic cow's milk production in the European Union. Source: FiBL & AMI surveys 2008-2016
Organic shares of selected productt groups. Source: FiBL & AMI survey 2016

Question

We are preparing a presentation on EU milk markets that would include any available data on organic milk, e.g. prices, sales, quantities, number of operators etc. We would appreciate if you could send us any available information you may have.


Answer

Unfortunately not on all indicatores mentioned data are available.

To top

Map on organic agriculture worldwide (May 4, 2016)

Question

I am looking for a high resolution version of your map on organic agriculture in the 2016 edition of "The World of Organic Agriculture. Where can I download this?

Answer

A high resolution version can be downloaded from FiBL.org at  http://www.fibl.org/index.php?id=2806&L=1

To top

Data on organic poultry (April 29, 2016)

Question

I am writing my master thesis about the potential for natural herbal solutions instead of using coccidiostats for layer hens and in broiler production.  I need to know how many broilers are produced per country and how many layer hens do they have. Do you have organic poultry data?

Answer

Unfortunately organic poultry data is very incomplete and we do not have data for all countries.

Please note that from the data sources it is not clear if the figures refer to the average stock for the given year or to the number of slaughter animals. This lack of information on the methodology makes this data difficult to compare.

We kindly ask you to use this data with caution.

Organic poultry data

To top

Latest data on organic animal husbandry in Switzerland (April 25, 2016)

Question

I am looking for the latest data on organic livestock numbers in Switzerland. Where would I find them?

Answer

FiBL has currently not included this data into its online database. However, the data can be extracted from the Swiss Federal Agency of Statistics (BFS) database at https://www.pxweb.bfs.admin.ch/Default.aspx?px_language=de . Recently, the 2015 data were released.

To top

Data on organic agriculture in Russia (April 25, 2016)

Question

I am a student from Russia. Currently I am doing a research, concerning organic agriculture development in Russia.  I wonder is there any updated data from FiBl concerning organics in Russia and how is it possible to get this information.

Answer

We have recently published our latest yearbook on organic agriculture. There you will find the data about Russia http://www.organic-world.net/yearbook/yearbook-2016/pdf.html; data area also available on our online database. http://www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/ow-statistics-data-key-data.html

Please note that the data about Russia were compiled among certifiers and might not be complete.

To top

Data on organic viticulture (April 21, 2016)

FiBL
Top 10 graph grapes

Question

I am a student looking for updated data on organic viticulture worldwide. Do you have an update of your slide presentation on the theme from a couple of years ago?

Answer

Yes, the updated vesion of our slides on organic viticulture worldwide is available at http://orgprints.org/29897/  .

Data can also be found at our online database at http://www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/ow-statistics-data-crops.html

And our flagship Report "The World of Organic Agriculture" has a chapter on organic grapes on page 106 at http://www.organic-world.net/yearbook/yearbook-2016/pdf.html.

To top

Data on arable land in the UK (April 19, 2016)

Organic production in the UK. Source: Eurostat/FiBL. Graph: IFOAM-EU 2016
Source: Eurostat/FiBL

Question

I looked at the infographic (see right)  about organic production in the UK with interest but was shocked at the figure for arable crops. Defra* published the figure at 41200 ha for 2014 for the UK  This figure is about 3.5 x that.  I think someone needs to look at it again.

Answer

We assume the difference is that Defra does not count the “Plants harvested green”, i.e.green fodder, as arable land (UK arable land according to Eurostat more than 140'000 hectares). According to Eurostat, the plants harvested green amount to more than 90’000 hectares.

*Note: Defra ist the authority in charge of organic farming statistics in the UK

Links

To top

Latest figures on organic aquaculture production (April 13, 2016)

(c) FiBL

Question

I would like to present the latest figures on organic aquaculture production, and I was wondering if you might have some data on this? Perhaps if you can’t release figures for 2015, could you indicate if the sector is growing?

Answer

Unfortunately, we don’t have much data on organic aquaculture. We have, however, put together production volumes for 2013, for a new report on sustainable fishery that is currently under production and will be released by the International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD) in May 2015 (http://www.iisd.org/ssi/ ).

Please note that the data  are not complete; for instance data for two major producers - Bangla Desh and the UK are missing.

For full dataset see excel file here http://www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/statistics-data-tables-excel.html#c14579.

To top

Exchange rate for organic retail sales (April 11, 2016)

Question

I am a student at a U.S: University,  and I would like to use organic retail sales data available at www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/maps.html for my semester project, but I have one question that perhaps you could help answer: Is the retail sales data in nominal (current) or real (constant) euros? Thank you in advance for your help.

Answer

Yes, we always use the annual average exchange rate of the year in question; i.e. the nominal exchange rate as reported by the European Central bank at http://sdw.ecb.europa.eu/browse.do?node=2018794 Hence, it is not possible to make a direct year to year comparison. That needs to be done in the original currency; however, we do not have the data in original currency in our tables/maps.  For selected countries we have them though in our offline database, so we could send that if needed.

To top

Farmers converting to organic in Switzerland (April 7, 2016)

Question

I am a journalist and looking for the latest data on organic in Switzerland. In particular I am  interested to see how many farmers have converted to organic recently. Do you have this data?

Answer

According to the latest data from the Swiss umbrella organisation Bio Suisse, released on April 7, 2016, 220 farmers registered for conversion in 2016. In total, more than 6000 farms were organic or 12.8% of all Swiss farms. In the canton of Grisons, 58 % of all farms are organic.

More information: http://www.bio-suisse.ch/media/Ueberuns/Medien/BioInZahlen/JMK2016/DE/bio_in_zahlen_2016.pdf

You can also consult our yearbook and our online database (For 2014 and ealier data).

To top

German organic imports (April 1, 2016)

Question

I am a journalist and preparing a report about the organic food market in Europe, its growth, its future. In particular, I am looking for some key figures about the German market, the biggest in Europe and one of the most interesting to explain.I am trying to understand why there is so much organic food is imported by Germany, and I wonder if you have some data about it. What are the main sales channels?

Answer

Key data about Germany are available in our interactive online database. For updates see also our Twitter account  and also our section about Germany at Organic-Europe.net

Import data for 2012 have been made available by the Agricultural Market Information Company. According to their study Germany is not only the largest market for organic products in Europe but also one of its largest organic producers. In spite of this fact, Germany imported in 2011/2012, 3 to 94 % of organic products, which could also have been produced in the country.

Hard copy of "The World of Organic Agriculture" (March 31, 2016)

Question

Where can I buy a hard copy of "The World of Organic Agriculture"?

Answer

"The World of Organic Agriculture", 2016 edition, can be bought at the FiBL online shop.

The book can also be downloaded there.

To top

Map with organic retail sales (March 30, 2016)

Question

We are looking for map showing organic retail sales per country. Is this available?

Answer

Yes, we have a map with retail sales using the STATPLANET software. You can also select agricultural area, wild collection area, shaqre of organic farmland of all farmland and number of producers.

Recent data on per-capita consumption of organic products (March 29, 2016)

Source
Graphic per capita

Question

I found an older slide presentation on organic per-capita consumption on Organic Eprints (http://orgprints.org/22345/19/willer-2013-session-european-market.pdf . The data in this presentation are from 2011, do you have newer data?

Answer

Yes, 2014 data are available from our yearbook The World of Organic 2016. You will find the relevant numbers in table 12, page 66. An updated version of the slide presentation on organic in Europe is here  http://orgprints.org/29779/7/willer-schaack-2016-european-data.pdf .

Organic retail sales volumes for Austria (March 29, 2016)

Question

I am looking for organic retail sales values for Austria. Could you help me to find this data?

Answer

While we have retail sales data values (in Million EUR) for some countries (see table at the OrganicDataNetwork Website), we generally do not have data for retail sales volumes (in metric tons). Some charts with retail sales volumes are, however, available at the AMA Website.

AMAInfo.at  AMA market Charts  (in German)

Share of organic vegetable production in Switzerland (March 25, 2016)

Question

Is it correct that 20 % of the vegetable area in Switzerland is organic ?

Answer

According to the Swiss Federal Office for Statistics (BfS), 19.6 percent of the farms with vegetable production and 18 % of the vegetable area are organic. The detailed statistics are avaible at the Website of the BfS.

BfS.Admin.ch: Landwirtschafliche Betriebe und Landwirtschaftliche Nutzfläche (LN) auf Klassifizierungsebene 3 nach Kanton

2015 data on organic soybeans (March 25, 2016)

Question

I need once again your expertise on organic soy production. I would like to present a graph or table on organic soy area/output in Europe by country. I wondering if you have figures for 2015 on this field.

Answer

No, unfortunately this data is not yet avaiblle, The 2015 data on organic areas are now started to be published by the countries; from our knowledge most countries should have them by the end of the year. FiBL will start to collect these data from early summer onwards and publish them next February in our yearbook and our online database.

However, we have the 2014 area data on soy available in our online database. And we have published 2013 data on area harvested (estimated from the fully converted area) and production (estimation based on fully converted areas and assumptions in organic yields) in the publication "The State of Sustainable Markets - Statistics and Emerging Trends 2015 ".

Use of FiBL data for teaching purposes (March 21, 2016)

Question

I am a university teacher and I would like to use some of your slides and figures for my lectures. Is this possible?

Answer

Yes of course as long as the source quoted. Please find the 2016 slide collection here.

Download of "The World of Organic Agriculture" (March 20, 2016)

Question

Where can I download "The World of Organic Agriculture"?

Answer

"The World of Organic Agriculture", 2016 edition, can be downloaded here. Furthermore, we have a whole section with relevant and related information (e.g. slide presentations) to the 2016 edition.

All editions are available via our "Yearbook" section at this website.

Retail sales data for Europe (March 14, 2016)

Question

I am trying to find statistics charts related to your press release of February on the European market for organic food with data about: organic growth in 2014, retail sales in million Euros in 2014, per capita organic consumption 2014. Could you help me with this?

Answer

Please find the graphs for this press release here http://www.fibl.org/en/media/media-archive/media-archive16/mm160210-european-organic-market.html

You can find the data (total retail sales, growth, share, per capita) for all European countries on page 224 of the 2016 edition of "The World of Organic Agriculture" at https://shop.fibl.org/fileadmin/documents/shop/1698-organic-world-2016.pdf

To top

BIOFACH presentation "World of Organic Agriculture" (March 8, 2016)

Question

At Biofach I was not able to attend your presentation. Could you send me your presentation?

Answer

The presentations from our BIOFACH session "The World of Organic Agriculture" area available at our website here. Further slides are available under slide presentations at the section The World of Organic Agriculture 2016.

Data on organic citrus fruit (March 6, 2016)

Question

I am a student an Agriculture engineer student. I am writing my thesis about Organic citrus trade in the world. Could I have the production and import data about Oranges, lemons, tangerines?

 Answer

Unfortunately we do not have production data, however, area data (from which you could, to some degree the actual production). Import data are almost not available. Here are our data:

To top

Using FiBL data (March 2, 2016)

Question

I would like to ask you the permission to use and quote your data at www.organicdatanetwork.net . I am a student studying the European organic market therefore I think your database could give me useful information.

Answer

For you thesis it is  fine, if you quote the data source. If you use larger parts of the data, please show us the data before publication.

To top

Organic palm oil production (January 30, 2016)

Question

I was looking through your organic crop production statistics but was unable to find any data relating to organic palm oil.  Does FiBL collect such data?  Many thanks for your help.

Answer

FiBL recently published the book the state of sustainable markets, together with the International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD) and the International Trade Centre (ITC). In this report you will find detailed data about organic oil palm. A summary of this report can also be found in "The World of Organic Agriculture 2016", on pp. 118.

Conversion area in Europe (November 4, 2015)

Question

I am currently trying to get a sense of land conversion in Europe, while it is too early to have any data showing the impact of the schemes introduced this year I am just wondering if you have anything that gives some indication of land conversion during the last couple of years? Any help much appreciated.

Answer

Please consult our interactive online data table at http://www.organic-world.net/statistics/statistics-data-tables/ow-statistics-data-crops.html. In these tables the conversion area is available for selected crops. For more details see also our various MS Excel sheets.

Contact

Dr. Helga Willer
Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL
Ackerstrasse 113
5070 Frick
Switzerland
Tel.+41 62 865 7207
Fax +41 62 865 7273
helga.willer(at)fibl.org
www.fibl.org  
Personal webpage

This website is
implemented by

FiBL Logo

With the support of

ITC

Seco

In cooperation with

IFOAM

BIOFACH