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Organic Agriculture in Africa 2009 (data 2007)

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Statistics (data 2007)

In Africa in 2007, almost 0.9 million hectares – about 3 perct  of the world’s organic agricultural land - were certified organic, constituting an increase of more than 185'000 hectares compared to 2006, acccording to the survey conducted by FiBL and IFOAM.

The countries with the largest organic agricultural land area are Uganda (296'203 hectares), Tunisia (154'793 hectares), Ethiopia (140'308 hectares) and Tanzania (62'486 hectares). Most of this land is used for permanent crops. The main permanent crops are coffee and olives.

More than half a million producers were reported for Africa.

However, in terms of share of a country’s agricultural area, São Tomé and Principe has the highest (5.02 percent), followed by Uganda (2.33 percent) and Tunisia (1.58 percent).

In addition to the agricultural land, 9.6 million hectares of land are certified for bee-keeping, forest and wild collection. The largest bee-keeping areas are in Zambia (5.2 million hectares). The largest wild collection areas are in Namibia (2.8 million hectares), Sudan (490'000 hectares) and Morocco (550'000 hectares).

The African market for organic products is still small. Three countries have an organic regulation and seven are in the process of drafting one.

A first African Organic Conference will be held in Kampala, Uganda, from May 19-22, 2009.

Further information

Graphs

The World of Organic Agriculture 2009