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Organic agriculture in Africa (data 2009)

Africa: Status 2011 (data 2009)

In Africa, there are slightly more than one million hectares of certified organic agricultural land (data 2009). This constitutes about three percent of the world’s organic agricultural land. There were 500’000 producers reported. The countries with the most organic land are Uganda (226'954 hectares), Tunisia (167'302 hectares), and Ethiopia (122'727 hectares). The highest shares of organic land are in Sao Tome and Prince (6.5 percent), Sierra Leone (1.8 percent), and Uganda (1.7 percent). The majority of certified organic produce in Africa is destined for export markets; in Uganda the export value for organic products was 37 million US dollars in 2009/2010.

The European Union, as the major recipient of these exports, is Africa’s largest market for agricultural produce. Tunisia was accepted under the EU’s Third Country List in 2009. Organic agriculture has a significant role to play in addressing the pressing problems of food security and climate change in Africa. It is therefore very important that national and regional policies in Africa do not overlook the benefits provided by organic agriculture.

The second African Organic Conference to be held in Lusaka, Zambia, will provide a key platform for discussion and sharing experiences.

Further reading

Bouagnimbeck, Hervé (2011): Organic Agriculture in Africa. In: Willer/Kilcher (Eds.) (2011): The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2011. IFOAM, Bonn and FiBL, Frick

Africa at Organic-World.net


Hervé Bouagnimbeck
IFOAM Africa Office
International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)
Charles-de-Gaulle-Str. 5
53113  Bonn
Tel. +49 228 926 50-10
Fax +49 228 926 50-99