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Organic Agriculture in Asia 2011 (Data 2009)

The total organic agricultural area in Asia is nearly 3.6 million hectares (2009 data). This constitutes ten percent of the world’s organic agricultural land. There were 731'315 producers reported.

The leading countries by area are China (1.9 million hectares) and India (1.2 million hectares). Timor-Leste has the most organic agricultural area as a proportion of total agricultural land (almost seven percent). The region hosts a wide range of organic sector development scenarios, from early development to highly regulated. Far from the marginal position it held previously, organic is now an accepted concept and growing market trend in the region.

Whilst export remains the dominant feature of sector development in the majority of developing countries in the region, local markets have emerged and are gaining ground.

Primarily a market driven sector, government policy is an emerging and significant sector development factor today in many countries. Although domestic market size is still relatively small, the high value and profile associated with organic has led to civil society (consumer) calls and governments’ interest to regulate the sector. Seven markets have implemented
organic labeling regulations (i.e., China, India, Japan, South Korea, Philippines, Taiwan, and Malaysia). Others, Sri Lanka and Nepal have established government competent authorities.

Thailand and Indonesia have also established accreditation systems

A major event— The 17th IFOAM Organic World Congress —will be held in Korea in autumn 2011.

Further reading

Ong Kung Wai (2011): Organic Asia. In: Willer/Kilcher (Eds.) (2011): The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emering Trends 2011. IFOAM, Bonn, and FiBL, Frick

Country reports from the 2011 edition of The World of Organic Agriculture are available on Armenia (1.4 MB) by Nune Darbinyan, on China (1.5 MB) by Yuhui Qiao, on Indonesia (1.4 MB) by Lidya Ariesusanty, on Kzakhstan by Evgeniy Klimov and on South Korea by Dong-Geun Choi.